5 Strategies to Improve Fluency

  • 5 Strategies to Improve Fluency

    1. Rate Mover: Select a paragraph from the section of the guided reading book that students have read for the day.  Model how to read the paragraph slowly one time, get gradually faster the second time through, and then read at the perfect rate the third time through.  Next, have them give it a try.  It is a great way for students who read too slow or too fast to really be able to focus in on an appropriate rate.

    2.  Echo Reading:  Select a page from the reading and read a sentence out loud while having members of the guided reading group taking turns echoing your reading.  Prompt students to follow the text with their eyes as you read and listen for how you phrase and emphasize words.  Students who really struggle with fluency are able to mimic phrasing and intonation.  That practice will slowly transfer to the reading in their head and when they read out loud individually.

    3.  Phrased Reading: Some students either read way too choppy in short phrases or they never talk a breath, refusing to stop at punctuation.  For this activity, copy a page from the reading right out of the book and draw small dashes on the page to show readers where to pause.  Model by reading the page and pausing appropriately at the lines and ask students to do the same.  

    4.  Self-Evaluation: Students should be aware of their fluency.  They should ask themselves certain questions as they read. 

    Such as:               

    • Did I pause appropriately for periods and commas?
    •     Did I emphasize words that are bolded, in italic, or in quotation marks?
    •     Was my reading phrased in ways where the words make sense?
    •     Did I read at a good rate?
    •     When something didn’t make sense, did I go back and self-correct?

    5.  Reader's Theater: Fountas and Pinnell also recommend Reader's Theater to help increase fluency.